A carport is a valuable feature that can be added to a home to provide a sheltered area in which to park a car, boat or other type of transportation. Typically, a carport is needed when the garage of a home is already occupied by a vehicle or it is used as a workshop. In addition to protecting vehicles from natural elements such as rain and snow, carports can be customized to either be freestanding or attached to the home. The following guide to building a carport has been designed to offer a simple set of instructions that can get homeowners started on building a carport that is customized to their personal needs.
Determine the Location
The first thing a person will need to do when building a carport is decide upon the area of the home where it should be built. While some people prefer the front of the home, others may discover that the side of the house has more room for building a carport. Additionally, it is important to make sure there are not gas, electrical or plumbing lines located in the area where the carport will be placed.
Check City Codes and Ordinances
Although most cities allow for a person to build structures such as wooden carports, there are occasions where it may be necessary to obtain a city permit before proceeding with any construction projects. Be sure to check with the city before beginning to build the carport to ensure that the project is compliant with all city codes and ordinances.
Gather the Necessary Materials
After the location has been decided upon and the proper permits have been obtained, then it will be time to get started on building a carport. To ensure that the project runs smoothly, it is best to gather all of the necessary materials before beginning to build. Those who will be building wooden carports will need to obtain a kit or gather the following tools: a hammer, drill, circular saw, post-hole digger, and level. After measuring for the project; lumber, concrete mix, nails, and joist hangers will also need to be obtained.
Measure and Plot Location
Carefully plotting the locations for posts will be helpful for ensuring a well-designed completed carport. To begin plotting the location, place stakes in each corner where the posts will be stabilized. Make sure that each parallel side is equivalent to the other. Then use strings to mark and measure the diagonals.
Begin Placing the Posts
For stabilization purposes, the posts will be placed within concrete-filled holes. To place the posts, use a post-hole digger to make a hole that is two feet deep in the ground. Then, continue to make holes that are approximately nine-feet apart down the entire length of the carport. Additionally, be sure to place a hole in each corner of the carport; however, be careful not to place a hole in the space that will be the entrance for the vehicle. Once the holes have been made, place the posts into the holes and fill with concrete.
Attach the Beams and Rafters
After the posts have had time to set, then it will be time to attach the beams and rafters to form the roof. Using bolts, attach two beams to the outside of the posts. Make sure that the beams are long enough to extend one foot beyond each post. Then, attach the beams to the carport using the joint bracket.
Finish with a Roof
After the structure of the carport has been completed it will be ready to have the roofing materials added. The roof can be constructed from a variety of different materials. Generally, aluminum or plastic sheeting is used. Additionally, many people prefer the look of a wooden roof overlaid with shingles. Following the instructions for the roofing material, add the roof and enjoy having completed a project that will add value and function to your home.